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Eve Teasing


  • Eve Teasing is a serious social menace. In certain cases, it leads to ragging in education institutions. Recent past witnessed so many suicides by junior students as a consequence of the ragging by the senior students in medical and engineering colleges in particular and drew the attention of Supreme Court, which laid down certain guidelines to curb/eradicate the menace of ragging.

  • The expression 'eve teasing' has not been defined in the Code (i.e. I.P.C. or Cr.P.C.). however offences U/S 294 and 354 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 are identical to eve teasing as detained below :-

  • Section 294 of the IPC deals with an offence of causing annoyance of others by doing obscene acts or singing, reciting or uttering obscene song, ballad or words in or near any public place, which is punishable with an imprisonment for three months or with fine or with both. The word 'obscene' has not been expanded for the reason that the notions about obscenity are bound to change from time to time and depend upon the class of persons whose susceptibility into the matter is involved. The test of obscenity is whether the tendency of the matter charged as obscenity is deprive and corrupt those whose minds are open to such immoral influences. The words uttered must be capable of arousing sexually impure thoughts in the minds of the hearers which must cause annoyance to the person against whom they are uttered. "Annoyance to others" is an essential ingredient as it must be established by the prosecution that annoyance has been caused by the accused to others. Whenever a girl or woman feels annoyed by any obscene act, or song, or words can take recourse under this Section.

  • Outraging the modesty of a woman (Sec.354). The word modesty is not defined in the Code. The dictionary meaning of the word 'modesty' is, "a state of being free from undue familiarity." The word "Outrage" means "an act of extreme violence or cruelty."

  • Modesty is the attribute of female sex which she possesses it from her very birth. Section 354 of the IPC reads as follows: "Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any woman, intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he will thereby outrage her modesty, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both".

  • Punishment:-

    • Section 354 of the Indian Penal Code provides "whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any woman intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he shall thereby outrage her modesty, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two year or fine or with both".
    • Section 509 provides that "whoever intending to insult the modesty of any woman utters any word, makes any sound or gesture or exhibits any object, intending that such gesture or object shall be seen by such women or intrudes upon the privacy of such women shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or with fine or with both".

    PREVENTIVE MEASURES :

    • In order to sensitize the police officers at the ground level towards offences against women, CID, Crime Branch compiled a Compendium on Crime against Women. The Compendium contains the following:

    • 1. Recent amendment of IPC/Cr.P.C.

      2. CB Circular No.12/2012 regarding implementation of “Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012”

      3. Police Circular Order 338/2013 pertaining to prompt investigation and prosecution of crime against women.

      4. Police Circular Order 343/2013 regarding Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) pertaining to prompt investigation and prosecution of crime against women

      • Necessary instructions regarding Prompt investigation and submission of charge sheet within sixty days and extension of time in exceptional and specific cases have been mentioned in the SOP.