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Immoral Trafficking

Trafficking is a word which is most prominently used as synonymous to prostitution. Prostitution is a shame to the human civilisation. Prostitution and the related evil of trafficking in persons for this purpose are against the very concept of human dignity and are incompatible to human person and social values thereby endanger the welfare of the individual, the family and the community. It has rightly been expressed by the Supreme Court as :

"Prostitution always remains as a running sore in the body of civilisation and destroys all moral values. The causes and evil effects of prostitution maligning the society are son notorious and frightful that none can gainsay it. This malignity is daily and hourly threatening the community at large slowly but steadily making its way onwards leaving track marked with broken hopes. Therefore, the necessity for appropriate and drastic action to eradicate this evil has become apparent".

Prostitution and the Indian Penal Code

Indian Penal Code enacted in 1860 in the main penal law in India which strikes at the prostitution and provides for punishment for such acts. Section 372 of the code prohibits selling minors for the purpose of prostitution etc. where as Section 373 prohibits buying of minors for the purpose of prostitution etc. Here for our purpose minor includes minor girls and in such cases girls are prominently bought or sold to be engaged in this illegal act.

Section 372 says that "whoever sells, lets to hire or otherwise disposes of any person under the age of eighteen years with intent that such person shall at any age be employed or used for the purpose of prostitution or illicit intercourse with any person or for any unlawful and immoral purpose, or knowing it to be likely that such person will at any age be employed or used for any such purpose, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine".

Section 373 of the code provides that "whoever hires or otherwise obtains possession of any person under the age or eighteen years with intent that such person shall at any age be employed or used for the purpose of prostitution or illicit intercourse with any person or for any unlawful or immoral purpose, or knowing it to be likely that such person will at any age be employed or used for any such purpose, shall be punished with imprisonment or either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine".

The Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act, 1956

IMPORTANT LINKS :

National Commission for Women

The National Commission for Women Act-1990.

Ministry of Women & Child Development Government of India.

Women & Child Development Department Government of Odisha.

National Policy For The Empowerment Of Women - 2001

PREVENTIVE MEASURES :

In order to sensitize the police officers at the ground level towards offences against women, CID, Crime Branch compiled a Compendium on Crime against Women. The Compendium contains the following:

1. Recent amendment of IPC/Cr.P.C.

2. CB Circular No.12/2012 regarding implementation of “Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012”

3. Police Circular Order 338/2013 pertaining to prompt investigation and prosecution of crime against women.

4. Police Circular Order 343/2013 regarding Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) pertaining to prompt investigation and prosecution of crime against women

Necessary instructions regarding Prompt investigation and submission of charge sheet within sixty days and extension of time in exceptional and specific cases have been mentioned in the SOP.


STATISTICS :

During the year 2015, 54 nos. of cases have been registered under Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act. Out of 54 cases, 20 cases were charge-sheeted.