ODISHA DISASTER RAPID ACTION FORCE
“The first line of life saving mechanism during disaster”
The “ODISHA DISASTER RAPID ACTION FORCE (ODRAF) ” was created vide Home Department Resolution no-939/CD dated 7th June 2001 in order to overcome the Natural Calamities.
Shri Binyanand Jha, IPS, Addl.D.G.P. (L&O) Odisha, Cuttack supervises the over all function of Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF).
Implementation & Reach of the Programme
- Creation of Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force and posts.
- The Force will be duly trained to act immediately in case of disaster, which may be either due to natural calamity or industrial accidents.
- The Force will be located before a disaster strikes or on receipt of warning regarding such impending calamity
- The Force will move at once as per the request of Special Relief Commissioner/Orissa State Disaster Mitigation Authority (OSDMA)/Collector for deployment and use
- Reducing Casuality during Disasters.
- Clearance of Channels of Communication.
- Quick deployment of Equipment and Personnel.
- Reduce dependence on Army/Paramilitary Forces.
- Minimize expenditure and time lag.
- Support institutional arrangement.
- Timely intervention.
- Instill faith in the people.
- First Line Response.
- Specialized Unit
- State Govt. Creation.
- Carved out of OSAP.
- Funding-GoI/GoO/World Bank .
- 88 types of state of art emergency equipment and training provided to ODRAF Units.
- SOP set for men and machines for the disaster and normal times.
- Skill matrix for logic based continuous augmentation of capacity.
- Five units are in operation. Five more units are being set up.
- State Fire Service strengthened as 2nd line of disaster response.
- Interface with NDRF,Defence and Paramilitary Forces.
- OSAP 6th Battalion ,Cuttack .
- OSAP 3rd Battalion,Koraput .
- OSAP 2nd Battalion,Jharsuguda .
- OSAP 8th Battalion , Chhatrapur .
- APR, Balasore .
- OSAP 7th Battalion,Bhubaneswar .
- APR, Paradeep .
- Baripada .
- APR Bolangir.
The ODRAF units at 6th BN Cuttack, 7th BN Bhubaneswar, 8th BN Chhatrapur, 4th BN Rourkela, 3rd BN Koraput, 2nd BN Jharsuguda, 5th BN Baripada are functioning under the supervision of the Commandants of the respective battalion. The ODRAF Units at Balasore, Bolangir and Jagatsinghpur are functioning under the supervision of concerned District SsP. . Commandant OSAP 6th BN Cuttack is acting as Nodal Officer to co-ordinate among all ODRAF Units of the State and Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA). Out of the above 10(ten) ODRAF Units, three Units located at OSAP 2nd BN Jharsuguda, 3rd BN Koraput and 8th BN Chhatrapur are functioning by way of re-deployment.
- Trained in search and rescue techniques.
- Under water rescue techniques.
- Rescue from high rise buildings.
- Rescue from debris.
- First Aid Techniques.
- Disaster Mental Health.
- Other relevant techniques.
- Specialized search and rescue equipment.
- Disaster specific equipment.
- Communication equipment.
- Relief line clearance equipment.
- Trained Sniffer Dogs.
- Medical Aid equipment.
- Demonstration and mock drills.
ODRAF TRAINING CENTRES:
- Flood Relief & Rescue Operation Training at Mukam Ghat, CRPF Training Centre, Bihar.
- Under Water Diving Course and Salvage Operation at S.E.I., KolkataBasic Mountaineering Course at A.B.V.I., Monali, Himachal Pradesh.
- T.O.T. on Disaster Management at C.I.S.F., NISA, Hyderabad.
- Disaster Management Training at N.C.D.C., Nagpur.
- T.O.T. Course on M.F. & C.S.S.R. at CRPF Training Centre, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu.
- Flood Rescue Course at N.D.R.F., Bn., Mundali, Cuttack.
- Rescue & Relief Operation at I.N.S., Chilika
Besides, they have also undergone training on Breathing Apparatus, RCC cutting chain saw, Pay loader & Excavator, Crain operation, Lunch Driving, Folk lift driving, Hydraulic rescue tools, Diesel Generator set maintenance, HAM Radio and First Aid.
ODRAF IS DESIGNED:
- To act immediately.
- To assist district administration.
- To act as first line of support.
- To move before a disaster strikes.
- To locate equipment in strategic places.
- To conduct search, rescue, evacuation,& relief.
ROLE OF ODRAF IN CASE OF DISASTERS:
- Rushing to the disaster site immediately.
- Search and rescue.
- Relief line clearance.
- Removal of debris.
- Shifting injured people.
- Psychological first aid.
- Member of City preparedness committeeSynergy of Community for earthquake prepardness.
SKILL AREAS OF ODRAF:
- Water Rescue.
- Relief line clearance.
- Casualty management .
- Miscellaneous response.
WATER RESCUE :
- Swimming and survival skill .
- Preparation of improvised floating aid and rafts.
- Operation of boat with OBM.
- Under water diving .
- Deep water search .
- Miscellaneous response.
WATER RESCUE EQUIPMENT:
- Life Buoy .
- Life Jacket.
- Inflatable Rubber Boat.
- Aluminium Boat .
- Out Board Motor.
- Self contained Underwater Breathing apparatus.
- Under Water Helmet with accessories.
- Compressor for SCUBA & SCBA Cylinder.
- Collapsed structure search and rescue (CSSR).
- Mountaineering Equipment .
- Telescopic Aluminum Ladder .
- Concrete Cutters
- Reinforced Concrete Cutters (RCC)
- Power Shoring Unit
- Self Contained Breathing Apparatus ( BA Set)
- Fire Extinguishers
- CSSR Kit as per MHA guidelines
- Gas mask with Chemical Cartridges
RELIEF LINE CLEARANCE:
- Chain Saw.
- Hydraulic Combi Tool .
- Hydraulic Spreader
- Hydraulic Cutter.
- Hydraulic Ram Jack.
- Lifting and pulling Machines.
- Wire Rope and Slings.
- Hydraulic Ram Jack
- Hydraulic Cranes
- Pay Loader cum Excavator
- Recovery Van/Wreckage Crane
- Bullet Chain Saw
TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION :
- TATA Truck.
- TATA Troop carrier .
- Fork Lift.
- Tractor and trailer.
- Valid driving license.
- Wire Rope and Slings.
- Hydraulic Ram Jack
- VHF hand sets
- VHF base stations
- HAM Radio
- Mobile phones
- Command post
CYCLONE PHAILIN AND SUBSEQUENT FLOODS :
(Eye of the Cyclone Phailin on dt.11.10.13)
Odisha experienced two consequtive disasters
- Cyclone Phailin (12th-15th Oct.2013)
- Flood (21st-26th Oct 2013)
CYCLONE TRACKING :
- Cyclone was tracked from 6th Oct.2013
- Preparation started from8th Oct 2013
- Massive evacuation conducted
- Section 34 (C) of Disaster Management Act 2005 was promulgated empowering district Admn. to use force if required for evacuation
- Puja holidays and leave cancelled
- Cyclone shelters, schools, other safe shelters kept in readiness
(Odisha State Warning issued for Cyclone Phailin 2013)
(Affected Districts Cyclone Phailin and Floods September-2013)
PREPOSITIONING OF MEN AND MATERIAL :
- ODRAF, State Fire service, NDRF (located within State ) personnel deployed with equipment in strategic locations
- NDRF, Defense forces joined later and deployed
- Relief line clearance plan finalized and tracks were assigned to teams
- 7 days food, fuel and relief materials were prepositioned
- During the entire process of evacuation, shelter and post disaster stay, food and drinking water arrangement was made
- Satellite phones provided as last line of communication
PREPAREDNESS MEASURES :
- Revenue & DM Department issued notification regarding readiness at field level for cyclone
- Puja holidays cancelled
- All Govt. Departments and field offices kept open
- Training officers and others asked to return to duty
- District Administrations of not to be affected districts kept in readiness to support men and material if required
- MD, OSDMA requested MHA to provide satellite phones
- Director, NRSC, ISRO requested to provide space based inputs for management of cyclones
UNWAVERING COMMITMENT :
- ODRAF rescued and evacuated as many as 7504 persons.
- Cut/Removed 3984 uprooted trees.
- Cleared 1516 Km of roads in the affected area.
- Distributed 41,940 Kg of relief material.
1.On the night of 24.10.13 from 7.00 PM to 10.00 PM the ODRAF team of 4th Bn. Rourkela has rescued 60 persons of village Alapur under Hinjili PS from whirling flood water
2. The ODRAF personnel of OSAP 6th Bn., Cuttack also rescued 9 (nine) persons from a house which was surrounded by the flood water on 25.10.13 at village Kaithakandi under Digapahandi block by utilizing life buoy, life jacket and rope & shifted them to safety
3.On 25.10.13 while the rescue operation was going on in the nearby villages under Banpur PS by the ODRAF team of OSAP 2nd Bn. Jharsuguda, one rubber boat broke down in the turbulent water current and tipped over. As a result seven affected persons and two Sepoys who were in the Boat fell into the flowing turbulent water due to rudderless and imbalance of the boat. Another rubber boat which was following them rescued five persons who fell over board by jumping into the strong current and rescued each of them. The boat was salvaged but the motor was lost.
4.Jawans of ODRAF of 2nd Batallion, Jharsuguda rescued 12 persons at Badadihi under Banapur PS.
(ODRAF team rescued 12 persons at Badadihi, Banapur.)
(ODRAF team rescued 12 persons at Badadihi, Banapur. )
5.Shifting pregnant lady from Barapali, a maroned village to the nearest hospital with the help of Asha workers and ODRAF .
6.ODRAF jawans Rescued 2 persons in Kanjiama village of Seragada ps, dist. Ganjam who took shelter for 48 hours on a mango tree .
(ODRAF team shifting a pregnant lady to hospital.)
(ODRAF team rescued 2 persons in Kanjiama village dist. Ganjam )
(Night time Disaster Management)
(ODRAF personnel evacuating marooned villagers to safer place )
(ODRAF personnel removing dead bodies)
(ODRAF distributing relief materials in Ganjam district)
(ODRAF personnel searching and evacuating marooned villagers to safer place
( ODRAF in action removing damaged electric poles)