Ordinarily Domestic Violence refers to Violence by one partner in an intimate relationship abuses the other.
Thus, the act of Domestic Violence is mostly committed at home which is the safest place for all.
Domestic Violence being gender neutral in words, is frequently & privately inflicted on women.
The phenomenon of Domestic Violence is widely prevalent but has remained largely invisible in the public domain.
Domestic violence may start when one partner feels the need to control and dominate the other. It may range from inflicting minor injuries to causing the death of the persons. Situation differs from place to place and circumstances leading to such occurrence may also not be the same for each incident. When such an incident takes place, the abuser may feel the need to control and dominate the other partner because of low self-esteem, extreme jealousy, difficulties in regulating anger and other strong emotions, or when they feel inferior to the other partner in education and socio-economic background.
Domestic violence is a complex phenomenon which involves multiple aspects.
It is considered as a complex mixture of social, economic, cultural, biological and logical factors. All these factors lead to rising incidence of crimes against women.
It occurs in the families of every class, race or culture and is a world wide phenomenon.
This issue of domestic violence has acquired a position where it affects the social, economic and demographic strata of the society across the globe.
The domestic violence is a special kind of violence directed against women particularly within the four walls of the house, which was considered to be in invisible form could not come under all the legislative measures and as such all the civil and penal remedies failed to address the issue.
There was growing concern among the groups of women regarding the domestic violence and it was thought to be more than a crime involving serious human rights issues.
Domestic violence usually involves the infliction of bodily injury, accompanied by verbal threats and harassment, emotional abuse or the destruction of property as means of coercion, control, revenge or punishment, on a person with whom the abuser in involved in an intimate relationship.
Thus, what makes the domestic violence different from any other form of violence against women is that the violence is committed by an intimate partner or the family member living together in a family. The implication of such violence for the woman is that she feels reluctant very often to complain against those whom she considers to be very near and dear and part of her family.
According to the Domestic violence act, any act/conduct /omission/commission that harms or injures or has the potential to harm or injure, will be considered as domestic violence. Under this the law considers physical, sexual, emotional, verbal, psychological and economic abuse or threats of the same. Even a single act of commission or omission may constitute domestic violence, in other words, women do not have to suffer a prolong period of abuse before taking resources to the law.
In order to sensitize the police officers at the ground level towards offences against women, CID, Crime Branch compiled a Compendium on Crime against Women. The Compendium contains the following:
1. Recent amendment of IPC/Cr.P.C.
2. CB Circular No.12/2012 regarding implementation of “Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012”
3. Police Circular Order 338/2013 pertaining to prompt investigation and prosecution of crime against women.
4. Police Circular Order 343/2013 regarding Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) pertaining to prompt investigation and prosecution of crime against women
Necessary instructions regarding Prompt investigation and submission of charge sheet within sixty days and extension of time in exceptional and specific cases have been mentioned in the SOP.
In the year 2015, 608 cases were registered, out of which, 342 cases have been charge sheeted, 2 cases ended as Final Report True, 9 cases ended as FRMF/ML, and 3 cases returned as False and remaining 252 cases are under investigation.
In the year 2015, 76 cases were registered, out of which, 53 cases have been charge sheeted, 1 case ended as FRMF/ML and remaining 22 cases are under investigation.
In the year 2015, 3634 cases were registered, out of which 2036 cases have been charge sheeted, 11 cases closed as FRT, 36 cases ended as FRMF/ML, 19 cases ended as False and 9 cases closed for different reasons and remaining 1523 cases are under investigation.
In the year 2015, 1698 cases were registered, out of which 1035 cases have been charge sheeted, 2 cases closed as FRT, 15 cases ended as FRMF/ML, 13 cases ended as False, 7 cases closed for different reasons and remaining 626 cases are under investigation.