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Law & Order


The overall Law and Order situation in the State remained peaceful during the year, 2016.


During the year 2016, all political parties were busy in organizing workers’ conferences, public meetings, mass contact and awareness programmes to garner public support in their favour on various issues by highlighting their achievements. The opposition political parties and their frontal organizations agitated on various local issues. All the political parties including the ruling party have geared up their activities keeping in view the ensuing Gram Panchayat Election to be held on February, 2017, where police have to play pro-active role in the conduct of peaceful Gram Panchayat Election in the State.


The State was by and large free from of communal discord as close attention was paid to maintenance of communal peace and amity. Major fairs and festivals of different communities were observed peacefully with religious fervour and gaiety. Only 18 incidents of Hindu-Muslim and 3 Hindu-Christian discord were noticed in the State during the year. Instances of communal tension did not escalate into major law and order situation due to pro-active role, constant vigil and timely intervention by the local administration and police. The Car Festival at Puri passed off peacefully during the year .


During 2016, there were various agitational programmes against industrialization on issues such as protection of tribal rights, land acquisition, rehabilitation, payment of compensation, employment, peripheral development, agriculture, environmental pollution, etc. These agitational activities were handled with lot of patience and care.


The agitations by Labour and Service organizations did not escalate into any major law and order situation. Employees/workers of some industrial units exhibited their protest demanding enhancement of wages, re-opening of factory, regularization of contractual labourers, payment of arrear dues, etc which were addressed through due process of dialogue and reconciliation. Service related demands, particularly by different Teachers Associations, State Govt. Employees Associations, etc., were addressed sympathetically by the State Government.


There was no State-wide student unrest during the year. The election of Students’ Unions held on Oct. 5, 2016 throughout the State ended on a peaceful note, barring a few incidents of pre/post poll violence noticed in some colleges in the State. Incidents of students’ agitations in the State were handled by the local administration and police tactfully.


Agitations by different tribal organizations demanding rights of tribals on ‘Jal, Jungle and Jamin’, distribution of pattas to landless tribals, etc., agitations by different Dalits/ women organizations protesting against alleged increase in crime against Dalits and women, agitations by different voluntary/ women organizations on alleged illicit liquor trade, opening of liquor shops, etc., agitation by different farmer’s organizations particularly Naba Nirman Krushak Sangathan demanding price, pension & prestige, agitation by Paschima Odisha Krushak Sangathan Samanwaya Samiti over exemption of agriculture loan, purchase of paddy from farmers, compensation for crop loss & farmer’s suicide, agitation by different Bar Associations for setting up Permanent High Court Bench in their respective areas, agitation by “Sundargarh Zilla Adivasi Mulabasi Bachao Manch” on different issues for the cause of tribal’s in Rourkela area, agitation by “Arthika Sanstha Manankadwara Khyatigrasta Milita Manch” on the issue of refund of deposited amount to the gullible investors, agitation on the issue of irregularities in preparation of ration cards & distribution under NFS scheme, agitation against Pollavaram Project by Andhra Pradesh and Lower Suktel Dam Project of Bolangir Dist., agitation over Stevedoring work at Paradeep Port, Jagatsinghpur and agitational activities of residents of Belbahali G.P., Keonjhar opposing proposed construction of by-pass Road and new over bridge on river “Kusei” by National Highway Authority of India handled tactfully with timely intervention of local administration and police.


During the year 2016, police resorted to fire on one occasion on 30.3.2016 at Rayagada under Nihaliprasad PS, Dhenkanal district where no police personnel were injured /killed.


During the year 2016, members of different political parties as well as their frontal organizations and some specific interest groups organized 99 Bundhs, 207 Rasta Rokos and 25 Rail Rokos in the State on various grounds. During all these agitations, no major ontoward incident took place due to firm Police action.


Of late, some activity and movement of terrorists and jihadi organisations have been noticed in Odisha. They have chosen the peaceful coastal state for safe hideout and to stay away from limelight. So far, the terrorist activities in the State have been contained effectively. During the year, based on an intelligence tip off, police arrested a group of five hardcore SIMI Operatives namely Sk. Mehboob @ Guddu, Amjad Khan @ Dawood, Zakir Hussen @ Sadique, Md. Salique @ Salu and Nazma Bibi ( mother of Sk. Mehboob ) all of Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh from Qureshi Mahala, Nala Road, Rourkela, Dist.- Sundergarh. STF of Crime Branch investigated the case and submitted the Charge sheet. It is learnt that out of five SIMI terrorists four accused persons namely Sk. Mehboob Khan @ Guddu, Amjad Khan @ Dawood, Zakir Hussen @ Sadique and Md. Salique @ Salu were killed in a Police encounter in Bhopal on 30.10.2016 for jail break.


There was a progressive improvement in the overall Left Wing Extremism (LWE) situation in the State in the year 2016 in terms of decline in the intensity of Maoist activities / violence and its popular mass support at the ground level. There have been no underground LWE activity in four districts i.e. Gajapati, Jajpur, Dhenkanal and Sonepur. LWE activity was significantly controlled in Sambalpur, Deogarh, Nabarangpur, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Ganjam and Rourkela and the situation remained challenging in parts of Malkangiri, Koraput, Nuapada, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Rayagada, , Bolangir, Baragarh, Boudh, Angul and Nayagarh, districts. The recruitment of cadres in CPI (Maoist) Organisation and the mass support base of the outfit, has declined. 68 LWE related incidents were reported in the State in the year 2016 , out of which 33 incidents were exchange of fire between the Security Forces and Maoists and 23 civilians, 3 security personnel lost their lives. In the anti-LWE front, as many as 39 LWE cadres have been killed, 35 arrested and 31 surrendered in the state during the year 2016. A large number of villagers including militias, supporters and sympathizers from Kalimela, Podia and Mathili areas of Malkangiri district have distanced themselves from the Maoists, which signals a progressive turn around in the situation. The Government have been focusing on both security and development measures to effectively counter the LWE menance.