Alert : Javascript is disabled. To View this Website, Please Enable Your Browser's Javascript...

You are here

First Information Report.

fir complaint image

FIRST INFORMATION REPORT (P.M. Rule 143) (Under Section 154 Cr.P.C.)

F.I.R. means First Information Report, made to police, about commission of a cognizable offence.

Cognizable Offence(Crpc 1973 2(C ):-

                 “Cognizable Offence” means an offence for which, and “cognizable case” means a case in which, a police officer may, in accordance with the First Schedule or under any other law for the time being in force, arrest without warrant.

Non-Cognizable Offence (Crpc 1973 2(l ):-

                 Non-Cognizable offence means an offence for which, and “non-cognizable case” means a case in which, a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant;

Information in cognizable cases:-(Under Section 154 Cr.P.C.):-

  • Every information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence, if given orally to an officer in charge of a police station, shall be reduced to writing by him or under his direction, and be read over to the informant; and every such information, whether given in writing or reduced to writing as aforesaid, shall be signed by the person giving it, and the substance thereof shall be entered in a book to be kept by such officer in such form as the State Government may prescribe in this behalf.
  • A copy of the information as recorded under sub-section (1) shall be given forthwith, free of cost, to the informant.
  • Any person aggrieved by a refusal on the part of an officer in charge of a police station to record the information referred to in sub-section (1) may send the substance of such information, in writing and by post, to the superintendent of Police concerned who, if satisfied that such information discloses the commission of a cognizable offence, shall either investigate the case himself or direct an investigation to be made by any police officer subordinate to him, in the manner provided by this Code, and such officer shall have all the powers of an officer in charge of a police station in relation to that offence.
  • Registration:-

                       The informant/complainant should go to the Police Station having jurisdiction over the area (where the offence is committed) and report to Officer in-charge /station house officer about commission of a cognizable offence.

                       In case of Women the victim can lodge FIR in any police station of the State and subsequently it can be transferred to the concerned PS for investigation. In this Connection Police Circular Order343/13 regarding standard operating procedure (SOP) for registration of FIR and Investigation of Crime against Women & Police Circular Order 338/13 regarding prompt investigation of cases in case of women have been issued.

    Information as to non-cognizable cases:-(Under Section 155 Cr.P.C.):-

    • When information is given to an officer-in-charge of a police station of the commission within the limits of such station of a non-cognizable offence, he shall enter or cause to be entered the substance of the information in a book to be kept by such officer in such form as the State Government may prescribe in this behalf, and refer the informant to the Magistrate.
    • No police officer shall investigate a non-cognizable case without the order of a Magistrate having power to try such case or commit the case for trial.
    • Any police officer receiving such order may exercise the same powers in respect of the investigation (except the power to arrest without warrant) as an officer in charge of a police station may exercise in a cognizable case.
    • Where a case relates to two or more offences of which at least one is cognizable, the case shall be deemed to be a cognizable case, notwithstanding that the other offences are non-cognizable.
    • CCTNS Portal:-

      • In CCTNS Portal the FIR are being registered online.
      • The complainant can view down load FIR through the CCTNS Portal.